Transposition: accept, extract or correct? Roberto Ciarlantini
Join me as I summarise Roberto’s lecture looking at transpositions.
Roberto describes 2 cases of true transpositions, treatment options, mechanics and methods of camouflage.
Transposition: defined an anomaly in which 2 adjacent teeth have interchanged their position in the arch Peck 1993
Classification: 1995 by Peck and Peck
- True transposition: root and crown
- False transposition: crown only
Up to 2003 the majority of orthodontists accept transposition and this figure changed as currently most orthodontist tend to correct transpositions.
Case 1 Maxillary canine-premolar transposition – camouflage
- Interceptive early RME spontaneous correction of maxillary canine-premolar transposition Maspero 2016 86% corrected.
- Premolar camouflage: Although Sandler 2017 no difference in canine and premolar aesthetics for professionals and lay people transposition are different:
- Gingival height of the canine high compared to the premolar, if we don’t grind the canine tip,
- Check smile line, low smile line = result will be acceptable by the patient.
- End with slight intrusion in the premolar – so gingival height matches the canine Build up the premolar to make It look longer
Case 2 Maxillary canine-premolar transposition, canine high – correction
- Cannot apply conventional mechanics through the center of resistance of the canine due to vertical position
- Sectional wire:
- Wire from 1st molar to 1st premolar (bypass canine)
- Bent back on itself to then engage the canine (in the premolar position)
- = Class 6 Geometry (burstone) allowing intrusion of the canine during meisalization and by passing the premolar
- Torque: Need to keep the root palatal
- Apply couple one wire and with another wire he prevents the crown movement
- Auxiliary springs like warren spring or Goodman springs
- Single root torque to a tooth
Mandibular arch transpositions
- Less demanding to correct the lower arch transpositions due to decreased aesthetic requirements
- Word of caution to correct transition: Limited bucco-lingual width
- Danielsen JC, Karimian K, Ciarlantini R, Melsen B, Kjær I. Unilateral and bilateral dental transpositions in the maxilla—dental and skeletal findings in 63 individuals. Eur Arch Paediatr Dent [Internet]. 2015 Dec 1 [cited 2020 Nov 18];16(6):467–76. Available from: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40368-015-0196-6
- Leonardi R, … MF-TEJ of, 2011 undefined. An association between sella turcica bridging and dental transposition. academic.oup.com [Internet]. [cited 2020 Nov 18]; Available from: https://academic.oup.com/ejo/article-abstract/33/4/461/398881
- Bodner L, Bar-Ziv J, Becker A. Image accuracy of plain film radiography and computerized tomography in assessing morphological abnormality of impacted teeth. Am J Orthod Dentofac Orthop. 2001 Dec 1;120(6):623–8.
- Maspero C, Giannini L, Galbiati G, … MF-M, 2016 undefined. Effect of rapid palatal expansion in early tratment and spontaneous correction of maxillary canine-first premolar transposition. europepmc.org [Internet]. [cited 2020 Nov 18]; Available from: https://europepmc.org/article/med/27075370
- Shapira Y, Finkelstein T, Kadry R, Schonberger S, Shpack N. Mandibular Symmetrical Bilateral Canine-Lateral Incisors Transposition: Its Early Diagnosis and Treatment Considerations. Case Rep Dent [Internet]. 2016 [cited 2020 Nov 18];2016:1–6. Available from: https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crid/2016/5043801/abs/
- Sandler P. Extraction of maxillary canines: Esthetic perceptions of patient smiles among dental professionals and laypeople. 2017 [cited 2020 Nov 19]; Available from: http://derbyhospitals-nhs.archive.knowledgearc.net/handle/123456789/1160
- Ciarlantini R, Dentofacial BM-AJ of O and, 2007 undefined. Maxillary tooth transposition: correct or accept? Elsevier [Internet]. [cited 2020 Nov 19]; Available from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0889540607004994